By Michael E. OreskesPublished January 04, 2019 02:09:10We all know that the bacteria that live in our gut can carry a host of different diseases, including the common cold.
But how does this relationship with the gut impact our health?
This week’s article by Michael Ereskes looks at the role of microbes in protecting us from Lyme disease.
We all have a certain amount of microbes living in our guts, and in most cases, this can help protect us from the diseases that plague us.
But what is that microbes doing, and how do they help protect our bodies?
To answer these questions, researchers from the University of Texas and the National Institute of Health (NIH) set out to find out.
In a paper published today in Nature, they report that when the gut microbes of healthy people live in a community with Lyme disease-infected mice, they become more active in the gut.
The more active the mice, the more their immune system is activated.
These mice also had lower levels of inflammation, which means they had a greater ability to fight the infection.
The results suggest that the presence of microbes, both beneficial and harmful, in the community may be crucial for keeping us healthy.
For the researchers, the discovery was particularly exciting because it points to the possibility that the microbes that live on our skin can be used to fight off the disease.
In recent years, researchers have been looking for ways to develop new treatments for Lyme disease – treatments that involve taking microbes that are active in our body and modifying their DNA.
In an earlier study, scientists in Japan found that when they removed a gene from the skin of a patient with Lyme, it caused them to lose weight and regain the ability to walk again.
The researchers believe that the skin is a major source of these immune cells, and they believe that skin microbes could be able to help the immune system against Lyme.
The work of the team in the US is part of a broader research effort to understand how the immune systems of humans and mice respond to different types of infections.
The research also sheds light on how the microbes in our skin might help us fight infections.
For example, one study found that a bacteria that lives in the skin can help fight infections in mice.
Other microbes that help protect against Lyme disease have also been found in the body.
The researchers say that these microbes could help protect the immune cells against other types of infection, as well.
Scientists are also studying how different types and levels of these microbes affect the immune response.
This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health through the Center for Research in Genome Sciences and the Department of Biomedical Engineering at UT.
References: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-01041-4 DOI://dx.doi.org/10.1093/science/bgs00523